Born in a well-heeled bourgeois family, he frequented the academic high school of Lucca and graduated in Florence in 1827.
In 1831, he was able to hang out in an association with Mazzinian sympathies. When he returned in Lucca he dedicated himself in an intense professional activity earning an undisputed authority between the criminal defense lawyers.
He was a committed supporter of the penal and trial set of rules' reform and of the abolition of the death penalty, which he fiercely supported with a lot of scripts.
In 1845, the fact that he couldn't save five accused people, of who he assumed the defense of, from the execution made a big fuss.
With the Unification of Italy his work was assimilated in the commissions for the new Reign's penal code.
To fix the backwardness and close-mindedness of the Italian juridical debate, he translated and printed, in Lucca, the most important foreign manuscripts about the death penalty, involving foreign jurists, Congress members and the public opinion in the discussion.
He first was a professor in the university of Lucca, then from 1859 he fulfilled the penal law tenure at the University of Pisa. Between 1859 and 1870 he wrote his monumental work: the program of the penal law course which had seven editions.
He was a Reign's deputy for three times and in 1876 he was nominated Senator.